Charles Carmichael Ph.D. brings to electric utility communications a keen understanding of regulatory, financial, environmental, reliability, resilience, and customer relations issues. For more than 30 years, first as a utility employee and then as a consultant, he focused on executive communications, public policy, and government relations. Charles wrote speeches and shareholder communications for utility CEOs, energy-related white papers for Presidential candidates, rate case testimony and presentations, and utility business plans. He has worked for electric utilities such as Arizona Public Service, Berkshire Hathaway Energy, Dominion, Entergy, and Exelon. He has managed employee communications, media relations, community relations, and public policy teams for an electric utility. Charles has a B.A and M.A. from the University of Tennessee, and a Ph.D. from the University of South Carolina.